Inspiring the Hindu tradition of Shaktism
Divine Mother Goddess
is seen as the ultimate truth and supreme power.
We find the Sanskrit terms for Deva as masculine and Devi for feminine aspects of the Supreme Being. In the study of etymology, the root word “Dev” equates to “a shining one”.
In Shaktism, devotion of a feminine creator force, we find the sacred trinity composed of the feminine goddesses: Mahasarasvati as Creator, Mahalaxmi as Preseserver and Mahakali as Destroyer (Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali). This feminine version of the Trimurti is called Tridevi (“three goddesses”). The male counterparts are then considered agents of the three supreme feminine forces.
In many Hindu traditions, Devi is represented as a primary form and active energy of power for a male figure, which can be represented as Parvati with Shiva, Saraswati with Brahma and Lakshmi with Vishnu.
In the Hindu texts inspired by Mother worship, we find that Devi is essentially the ultimate metaphysical reality and from her arises matter and consciousness. She is recognized as bliss and non-bliss, knowledge and ignorance, the entire universe in all its capacities.
In many of the ancient sacred texts of Upanishads, Devi is recognized as Shiva’s wife and the creative power of Shiva (sitting on the left side of his lap).
Parvati is expressed in many roles, moods and aspects by all forms of the goddess in Hindu mythology, from Shakti (pure energy) to Lakshmi to Gurda and Kali, and so many more. She is seen as nurturing, benevolent and destructive and ferocious as in the goddess Kali who requires the infant Shiva to manifest and calm her ferocious nature. This ferocious nature is required to destroy the demon Daruk (destructive, defeating nature of the human). Once the demon has been destroyed she transforms back into the maternal instinct of Parvati. This paradox of expressions symbolizes the willingness of the Divine Mother to realign and adapt to the needs of the present moment. Through her powers she (Durga) destroys evil and creates food to nourish (Annapurna) while bringing abundance and good fortune (Lakshmi) to all who acknowledge and worship her glory.
The concept of feminine, mother worship, Devi, has had the strongest presence since ancient times.
It’s not surprising since human formation occurs inside the womb of the mother and whose life is first sustained through the breast of mother’s milk.